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The History of Radiology in a Nutshell

by Xavier Caldwell (2020-01-14)


The application of radiology has been creating landmarks in the history of medical science since its invention. The procedures like fluoroscopy, computerised tomography, CT angiogram and several other procedures has become an imperative part of the medical science scenario which comes under Radiology. The procedures have deep history which is hidden in the crevices of time.

The story of radiology takes as back to the year 1895, when Wilhelm Conrad Rontgen, made history when discovered the contraption like Xray. The properties of Xray at that point of time where taken to awe inspiring due to its electromagnetic properties. That period brought with it a trend of using Xray in the most trivial manners even for fitting of dresses, until the danger of ionized radiation was discovered.

At that period the professionals as well as non professionals were engaged in using Xray without any prior training in radiology. Xray was not only being used by doctors or nurses, professional photographers as well engineers engaged to other field of work would also utilise Xray. The utilisation of Xray was extremely hazardous for the health of the users. It had become an obligation for the medical community to come up with a new subset of medical practitioners who would have been proficient in radiography and could harness the skill sets for using Xray. This is how the radiographers came into existence. With the radiographers, new generations of medical professionals were born.

XRay was just the stepping stone. The decades starting from 1940s and continuing through the 5 more decades till 80s, radiology has gone through several levels of changes. These decades have seen the invention and growth of procedures such as fluoroscopy and mammography as well as tomography and nuclear medicine. MRI or magnetic Resonance Image amongst all these processes went through the most extensive of research. The aspect of MRI had its emergence as early as 1950. The research didn't complete till 1970s and the till the year 1984, MRI was never used over mankind.

The amalgamation of radiology and computers were never done till the 1970s. The technology involves phosphor made imaging cassettes to create digital images. The earliest mergence of Computer Tomography can be seen as early as 1960s. The earliest prototype can be seen in 1971.

The implementation of computer was there in a much bigger way from the year 1980s. This is a period when PACS had its debut in this period of time. The present day scenario has changed quite a lot since the inception of radiology. The radiological images are being saved in the DICOM format which is much similar to the JPEG format which is available on a regular basis. The DICOM format can be sent to the patient via the internet.

With changing times there has been a drastic drop in prices, the size of the equipment as well as the accessibility to the variable procedure. The introduction of digital xray Radiology imaging to personal computers has made it more cost effective and available to a much larger population.

If you are planning for a radiological treatment, you can always go for Southern Radiology, Australia.

The author is a professional radiologist who has been engaged to Southern Radiology for a long time. He is into writing articles on CT Angiogram and xray Radiology.